Document Type : Research Article
Assistant Professor, Farabi Campus University of Tehran, Iran
Assistant Professor, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran
The modern state is a renewable and evolutionary phenomenon and it cannot be evaluated so that it has Single Cause. Therefore none of the fields of the Human Sciences alone cannot fully explain the emergence of the modern state without interaction with other disciplines. Political superstructure in various countries, primarily influenced by the social and cultural systems of communities as the cornerstone of the governance structure and then it is based on political, legal, economic, and military approach. Sociological and cultural characteristics of each society in conjunction with the economic, political, legal, executive structures play a significant role in the development of the modern state. In other words, the form and content of the governance system has a meaningful relationship with sociological and cultural characteristics of its people and their historical attitude towards concepts such as the power, the government, and the legitimacy.In this article we will present a conceptual analysis of the state and explain development of state in the Iranian society and then we will analyze the evolution and transformation of the state from the perspective of most distinctive social features and cultural characteristics and mental components of Iranian people.