Asymmetric Balance in the NGO Context

Document Type : Research Article


1 Professor, Faculty of Management, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

2 Postdoctoral Researcher, Faculty of Management, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran


The present study explains the non-governmental organization phenomenon and its context in Iran. In this study, the emergent approach of grounded theory methodology was applied, and 20 interviews were conducted with informed people based on the theoretical sampling principle until theoretical saturation was achieved. Then, by coding the resulting data and making continuous comparisons in the coding process, 980 codes, 12 concepts, and one core category emerged. Subsequently, the final model was entitled “asymmetry balance in non-governmental organizations context.” This model illustrates the asymmetric balance in which the NGOs and their associated contexts are more unhealthy than healthy. Besides, the government's attitude towards NGOs is definitely a security one. The results of the research findings emphasize that making changes to improve the healthfulness of this phenomenon and its underlying context is necessary.


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