Designing an Effective Human Resource Management Model Based on Organizational Culture in the Iranian Public Section

Document Type : Research Article


1 Ph.D.Student, Department of Public Administration, Qazvin Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qazvin, Iran

2 Professor, College of Farabi, University of Tehran, Qom, Iran

3 Professor, Department of Public Administration, Qazvin Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qazvin, Iran


Understanding management theories – especially in the human resource management arena – is not possible without taking into account the cultural contexts that have affected their formation. Since making the human resource management system effective is possible through the creation and development of the optimal organizational culture (which is derived from the environmental conditions and organizational missions), the attainment of effective human resource functions is in need of strategies that bridge the organizational culture and the human resource functions. To this end, we used Denison’s organizational culture model and Bamberger and Meshoulam’s human resource strategies model that aim at organizational effectiveness. Accordingly, this study adapted the input, maintenance, and output human resource systems to a certain organizational culture in line with the consideration of the existing policies and rules in the Iranian official system. The written data and expert opinion were obtained using the questionnaire and interview instruments and were then analyzed. After the identification of the existing legal backgrounds, the executive model of the effective human resource management based on organizational culture was developed. Moreover, the obstacles against it were disclosed. In order to enhance the organizational effectiveness in the three layers of the different organizational cultures in Denison’s model, different human resource management strategies have been examined and the related challenges in the public sector have been discussed.


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