The Analysis and Investigation of the Effect of Toxic Leadership on Human Resource Turnover Via the Mediation of Organizational Obstruction

Document Type : Research Article


1 Assistant Professor, Management Department, Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences, Lorestan University, Khorramabad, Iran

2 PhD Student, Management Department, Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences, Lorestan University, Khorramabad, Iran

3 MSc. holder, Management Department, Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences, Lorestan University, Khorramabad, Iran


This study examines the effect of toxic leadership on the human resource turnover via the mediation of organizational obstruction. The study at hand is applied in terms of purpose and is a descriptive-survey research project in terms of method and nature. To measure the toxic leadership variable, human resource turnover, and organizational obstruction, questionnaires by Schmidt (2008), Vedadi (2013), and Gibney et al. (2009) were used, respectively. The validity and reliability of the questionnaires were confirmed using face validity and Cronbach’s alpha (0.74). The statistical population of the study included all governmental organizations of Khorramabad city, out of which 214 office workers were selected as the study sample based on Cochran formula through convenience sampling. The data was analyzed using structural equation modeling within AMOS and SPSS software. The analyses showed that toxic leadership has a positive, significant effect on the human resource turnover at 95% confidence interval. In addition, the indirect path analysis revealed the mediating role of organizational obstruction in the effect of toxic leadership on the human resource turnover. Moreover, according to the output of AMOS software, personal characteristics are the most important features for toxic leadership in governmental organizations. Furthermore, the personal factors and misbehavior are the most important features that affect human resource turnover and organizational obstruction in governmental organizations.


Main Subjects

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