A Meta-Analysis of the Impact of Employees’ Work Engagement on Their Organizational Commitment

Document Type : Research Article


1 PhD Student, Department of Educational Management, Qom Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qom, Iran

2 Associate Professor, Department of Educational Management, Qom Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qom, Iran

3 Assistant Professor, Department of Educational Management, Qom Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qom, Iran


The growth of research in the humanities is clear to everyone. According to many scientists, it is not possible to master all aspects of a subject, so it is important to do research that provides an extract of research on a particular subject in a systematic way. The aim of this study was to provide a quantitative meta-analysis of the results of research conducted in the field of employees’ work engagement and their organizational commitment in Iran. The research method is meta-analysis. After reviewing a large number of related articles and researches on information databases such as SID, Magiran, Irandoc, Civilica, Ricest, Noormags, and Ensani.ir, 20 articles published between 2009 and 2019 were selected. Moreover, a checklist was used to comply with the criteria for feeding and extracting information related to each study. CMA 2analytical software was used to analyze the data. The results showed that the employees’ work engagement has a moderate to high relationship with organizational commitment (with an average effect size of 0.558).


Abou-Moghli, A. A. (2019). Using self-determination theory (SDT) to investigate the relationship between organizational commitment, happiness and work engagement in service industry. Journal of Business Administration Research8(1), 29-39.
Bakker, A. B., Petrou, P., Op den Kamp, E. M., & Tims, M. (2020). “Proactive vitality management, work engagement, and creativity: The role of goal orientation”, Applied Psychology, 69 (2) 351-378.
Bashirian, Hadi; Ruhollah Daei; Mohsen Bakhtiari; Reza Shahbazi (2019). "Relationship between job satisfaction and organizational commitment with job attachment in the staff of the Department of Sports and Youth of Arak Province", Applied Research in Sports Science, Education without Borders, 4 (11) 59-44. (in Persian).
Becker, T. E., Billings, R. S., Eveleth, D. M., & Gilbert, N. L. (1996). “Foci and bases ofemployee commitment: Implications for job performance”, Academy of ManagementJournal, 39(2) 464-482.
Butt, A. (2019). The Impact of Psychological Capital on Work Engagement, Affective Organizational Commitment and Burnout, COMSATS University Islamabad, Lahore Campus.
Chen, S. Y., Wu, W. C., Chang, C. S., Lin, C. T., Kung, J. Y., Weng, H. C., ... & Lee, S. I. (2015). Organizational justice, trust, and identification and their effects on organizational commitment in hospital nursing staff. BMC health services research15(1), 1-17.Chughtai, A. (2013). “Linking affective commitment to supervisor to work outcomes”, journal of manage rial psychology, Vol. 28, pp. 606-627.
Cheng, B. S., Jiang, D. Y., & Riley, J. H. (2003). Organizational commitment, supervisory commitment, and employee outcomes in the Chinese context: proximal hypothesis or global hypothesis?. Journal of Organizational Behavior: The International Journal of Industrial, Occupational and Organizational Psychology and Behavior24(3), 313-334.
Cohen, J. (1998). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences (second edition), Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Eghlidi, F. F. & Karimi, F. (2016). “The relationship between components of work engagement and organizational commitment of female employees of University”, International Journal of Human Resource Studies, 6 (3) 63-73.
Erickson, M. S. (2010). Investigating community impacts of a university outreach program through the lens of service-learning and community engagement, Lowa State University.
Fahimurad, David; Tahmour Aghajani; Nasrullah Ansari Nejad (2019). "Study of the mediating role of job satisfaction in the relationship between attachment styles and organizational commitment in the staff of Shahriar Welfare Office", Job and Organizational Counseling, 11 (41) 158-135. (in Persian).
Fani, Ali Asghar; Ahmad  Issa Khani; Hassan Danaei Fard  (2012). "Explaining the Prerequisites of Belonging to Work Memory and Its Impact on Organizational Commitment", Management Research in Iran, 16 (2) 166-151. (in Persian).
Ghazi Tabatabai, Mahmoud; Abu Ali Vaddahir (2010). Meta-analysis in social and behavioral research, Tehran, Tehran Municipality Office of Social and Cultural Studies. (in Persian).
Ghorbanizadeh, The Face of God (2013). Practical guidance of meta-analysis or CMA2 software, Tehran, Sociologists. (in Persian).
Greenberg, J. & Baron, R.A. (1997). Behavior In Organizations, Prentic-Hall, Inc, 6th Ed.
Hasanpour, Akbar; Gholamreza Memarzadeh; Mona Anbarlooi (2013). "The relationship between the impact and effectiveness of job attitudes and their relationship with employee performance", Development and Transformation Management, (12) 28-21. (in Persian).
Issakhani, Ahmad; Asghar Fani; Hassan Danaei Fard (2013). "Explaining the Prerequisites of Belonging to Work Memory Using a Combined Research Plan", Transformation Management, 5 (10) 24-1. (in Persian).
Junker, N. M., Kaluza, A. J., Häusser, J. A., Mojzisch, A., van Dick, R., Knoll, M., & Demerouti, E. (2021). Is work engagement exhausting? The longitudinal relationship between work engagement and exhaustion using latent growth modeling. Applied Psychology70(2), 788-815.
Keshtakaran, Ali; Zahra Kavousi; Arian Gholipour; Sanaz Sohrabizadeh; Zahra Sharafi (2012).  "Job attachment and its effective factors in nurses of general education hospitals of Shiraz University of Medical Sciences", Journal of Paramedical School of Tehran University of Medical Sciences, 6 (2) 156-147. (in Persian).
Khobro, Mohammad Taqi; Habibullah Saeedi; Ali Safari; Seyed Reza Seyed Javadin (2016). “Spiritual leadership, social capital, and belonging to work; A Study Using the Impact of Islamic Components ", Islamic Management, 24 (4) 136-109.  (in Persian).
Kinman, G., & Wray, S. (2018). Presenteeism in academic employees—occupational and individual factors. Occupational Medicine68(1), 46-50.
Kuijpers, E., Kooij, D. T., & van Woerkom, M. (2020). Align your job with yourself: The relationship between a job crafting intervention and work engagement, and the role of workload. Journal of occupational health psychology25(1), 1.
Li, S., Li, X., & Shi, K. (2010, August). The influence of procedure justice on work engagement: The mediating role of organizational commitment. In 2010 IEEE 2nd Symposium on Web Society (pp. 632-636). IEEE.
Lin, W. Q., Yuan, L. X., Kuang, S. Y., Zhang, X. X., Lu, C. J., Lin, T. T., ... & Wang, P. X. (2020). Work engagement as a mediator between organizational commitment and job satisfaction among community health-care workers in China: a cross-sectional study. Psychology, health & medicine25(6), 666-674.
Little, J.H., Corcoran, J., & Pillai, V. (2008). Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis, Published by Oxford University Press.
Macaskill, P., Walter, S. D., & Irwig, L. (2001). A comparison of methods to detect publication bias in meta‐analysis. Statistics in medicine20(4), 641-654.
May, D. R., Gilson, R. L., & Harter, L. M. (2004). The psychological conditions of meaningfulness, safety and availability and the engagement of the human spirit at work. Journal of occupational and organizational psychology77(1), 11-37.
Meshbaki Esfahani, Asghar; Zeinab Rezaei (2014). "Study of the effect of organizational virtue and belonging of work memory on organizational commitment", Management Studies (Improvement and Transformation), 23 (73) 23-1. (in Persian).
Mousavirad, Seyedeh Tahereh; Mohsen Kamani (2018). "The role of work memory in job motivation of physical education teachers in Khomein city", 4th National Conference on Sports Science and Physical Education of Iran, Tehran, Association for the Development of Fundamental Science and Technology. (in Persian).
Perera, H. N., Granziera, H., & McIlveen, P. (2018). Profiles of teacher personality and relations with teacher self-efficacy, work engagement, and job satisfaction. Personality and Individual Differences120, 171-178.
Rezaei Manesh, Behrooz; Jafar Abbaspour (2015). "Meta-analysis of the relationship between quality of work life and organizational commitment", Improvement and Transformation Management Studies, 24 (78) 88-65. (in Persian).
Rosenthal, R., Cooper, H., & Hedges, L. (1994). Parametric measures of effect size. The handbook of research synthesis621(2), 231-244.
Sahu, S., & Pathardikar, A. D. (2014). Job cognition and justice influencing organizational attachment: An assessment through SEM. SAGE Open4(1), 2158244014524210.
Saks, A. M. (2019). “Antecedents and consequences of employee engagement revisited”, Journal of Organizational Effectiveness: People and Performance, 6(1), pp. 19-38.
Sartika, D., & Amir, M. T. (2014). The Influence of work engagement toward organizational commitment and turnover intention. Jurnal Bina Manajemen3(01), 41-55.
Taybiyasani, Seyed Mostafa; Mohammad Siavashi; Hossein Amerian (2018). "Designing and fitting a structural model of the effect of justice on job commitment with the mediating role of job attachment in employees of sports federations", Motor and Behavioral Sciences, 2 (1) 60-45. (in Persian).
Van der Voet, J. & Vermeeren, B. (2017). “Change management in hard times: Can change management mitigate the negative relationship between cutbacks and the organizational commitment and work engagement of public sector employees?”, The American Review of Public Administration, 47 (2), pp. 252-230.
Vegas, K. C. (2005). “The Effectiveness of Functional Behavior Assessment Based behavioral Interventions for Reducing Problem Behaviors: A Metaanalysis”, Doctoral Dissertation of Philosophy, University of Utah.
Wertheim, V. V. (2016). The Effect of Organizational Commitment, Organizational Based Self Esteem and Work Engagement on Nurses' Perception of Medication Errors.
‌Yar Mohammadzadeh, Peyman; Ayub Faizi (2015). "The role of job characteristics in job attachment and organizational commitment in the university", Leadership and Educational Management, Islamic Azad University, Garmsar Branch, 6 (2) 153-135. (in Persian).
Yazdani, Narjis; Alireza Khorakian; Fariborz Rahimonia (2017). "The Impact of Organizational Adherence on Deviant Behaviors in the Workplace in the Light of Belonging to Mindfulness and Psychological Capital", Public Management Perspectives, 8 (3) 15-39. (in Persian).