The Effect of Workplace Loneliness on the Alienation and Job Withdrawal: The Moderating Role of Family to Work Positive Spillover

Document Type : Research Article


1 Assistant Professor, Institute for Humanities and Cultural Studies, Tehran, Iran

2 MSc., Management Faculty, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran


Workplace loneliness is defined as an unpleasant feeling that significantly impairs the quality and quantity of a person's social network. The purpose of the present study is to investigate the relationship between workplace loneliness (in the form of emotional deprivation and the lack of social companionship) and work alienation and physical or psychological job withdrawal. In addition, the moderating role of family to work positive spillover has also been tested. This research was an applied study in terms of purpose and a descriptive survey with regard to data collection method. The population of this study was the staff of one of the branches of a state bank in Tehran. Random cluster sampling was used to select participants, while standard questionnaires were used for data collection. The data was analyzed by structural equation modeling using Smart PLS3.2.6 software. The findings showed that workplace loneliness affects the physical or psychological job withdrawal only indirectly and through work alienation. Another notable result of this study was the significance of the moderating role of family to work positive spillover in the relationship between work alienation and job withdrawal. In other words, the effect of work alienation on job withdrawal at lower levels of positive family to work spillover was stronger, and the opposite was observed at high levels of family to work positive spillover.


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