The Relationship Between Strategic Human Resource Management and Job Performance: The Mediating Role of Moral Atmosphere

Document Type : Applied Article


1 Assistant Professor, Imam Sadiq (a) Institute of Humanities, Qom, Qom, Iran

2 MSc. Holder, Department of Business Administration, Islamic Azad University of Kashan, Kashan, Iran


The success of any organization depends more on its human capital than on the value of its physical resources. Accordingly, the purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between strategic human resource management and job performance via the mediating role of moral atmosphere. The research method was applied, survey, and cross-sectional. A set of 175 employees of Alborz Distribution Company (including the central headquarters as well as the western and eastern Tehran branches) were selected using cluster sampling according to Cochran's formula. The instrument used was the standard questionnaire. Data were analyzed by structural equation modeling (SEM) using Smart PLS software. Data analysis showed that strategic human resource management is related to job performance through the mediation  of moral atmosphere. In addition, the strategic management of human resources was found to have a significant relationship with job performance and moral atmosphere. Finally,  a relationship was found between moral atmosphere and job performance. Based on the obtained results, it is recommended that managers provide the necessary context for the institutionalization of professional ethics, and improve employees’ job performance by creating the optimal moral atmosphere. By strengthening human resource management and evaluating employees as human capital, it is possible to help improve job performance and benefit from the ethical atmosphere in the organization. The results of this research can help with planning for empowerment, improvement, and training of human resources and human resource management decision-makers in small and medium enterprises and strategic and macro national planning in order to empower the service companies.


Main Subjects

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