The Antecedents of Human Resource Retention With an Emphasis on the Role of Job Embeddedness: A Mixed Meta-Study

Document Type : Research Article


1 Department of Public Administration, Faculty of Management and Accounting, College of Farabi, University of Tehran, Qom, Iran

2 Department of Public Administration, Faculty of Management & Accounting, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran

3 Department of Business Management, Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences, University of Mazandaran, Babolsar, Mazandaran, Iran


Objective: Retention of employees is a key and of course challenging issue due to the increasing competition on the recruitment and retention of skillful employees and the heavy costs of employee departure. Employee retention is one of the key parameters for measuring the power of an organization. The purpose of this study was to identify the sources of retention and to employ job embeddedness approach to understand key employee retention mechanisms in the organization.
Method: The study used mixed meta-synthesis method. This exploratory method is used to create and extract a common framework of reference for the results of previous studies in a quantitative and qualitative format. In the study at hand, the seven-stage meta-synthesis method was used. This method involves seven stages, including setting the research question, making a systematic review of texts, searching and selecting proper quantitative and qualitative articles, extracting article information, analysis and synthesis of the quantitative research findings, conducting quality control, and presenting the findings.
Findings: The study at hand tried to identify the antecedents of human resource embeddedness. Thus, the factors related to the creation of embeddedness were found. The factors creating embeddedness involve various layers, which were identified as five components, namely personal factors, job factors/ job environment, supportive measures, leadership, and contextual factors.
Conclusion: The factors identified in this study are resources and instruments for the retention of employees and provide an image of the resources available to managers to employ in the entry plans and measures, selection and recruitment of human resources, and investment on the creation of various dimensions of human resource embeddedness model in various parts of the organization in order to retain and develop them.


Main Subjects

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