Designing a Model for the Staff Envy Management in Public Organizations

Document Type : Research Article


1 Assistant Professor, Faculty of Management, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran

2 PhD in Human Resource Management, Faculty of Management, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran


The purpose of the study at hand was to identify the pattern of the staff envy management in public organizations. Adopting a systematic, scientific research design, this study set out to answer the main research question, “How is the pattern of the staff envy management in public organizations?” Relying on the qualitative research approach, the study used Strauss and Corbin systematic grounded theory method. Data collection was done through semi-structured interviews with 24 participants. Based on the obtained results, the causal conditions were classified as four categories, namely individual, sociopolitical, structural, and administrative-managerial factors. The core theme was found to be comprised of emotional, cognitive, and behavioral categories. The related actions and interactions were named strategy categories; these eight categories were organizational transparency, enhancement of managers’ emotional intelligence, justice-orientedness, enhancement of the staff’s spirituality and professional morality in the workplace, cooperation-competition strategy, managers’ support of the staff, provision of job security, and reduction of distrust and dissimilarity among the members of a department. The contextual conditions were explained as the three categories of social factors, cultural factors, and materialism. The concepts obtained from intervening factors were classified as the work experience/contract and the staff’s behavioral traits. Finally, the consequences were divided into individual and organizational factors.


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