Work life synthesis as an emerging construct in non-government organizations: A study with a phenomenological approach

Document Type : Research Article




In recent years, research on the relationship between work and life has attracted the attention of many researchers in various fields of science. The diversity of views in different disciplines indicates the depth of the concept of work-life interface and the need to pay attention to the various dimensions affecting it. The aim of this exploratory study is understanding work experience and its relationship with life from the perspective of employees working in non-government organizations. The research was designed with a qualitative phenomenological approach and Moustakas eight-step method. In order to collect the data, in-depth episodic interviews were conducted with 11 staff members of Mahak Institute as a non-government organization. Rich description and reflectivity methods were used to confirm the trustworthiness of the analyzes. As a result of data analysis, 11 themes with the titles of belief in the purpose of life, choosing a career as a calling, living a calling, demanding work, continuous mental engagement, perception of conflicting identities, stabilization and consolidation of values, rejuvenation due to accepting caring role, spreading sense of satisfaction in different areas of life, current spirituality in life and tolerance in work and life were achieved in the form of three clusters that described the negative, positive and intertwined aspects of work and life of employees. Finally, individual textural, individual structural, and Individual-textural-structural descriptions and as a summary, a textural-structural synthesis description focusing on the emerging construct of the "work life synthesis" as the lived experience of employees were presented.


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