The Identification of Deviant Behavior Aspects in Workplace Through Meta-Synthesis Approach

Document Type : Research Article


1 PhD Student of Cultural Management and Planning, College of Management. South Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

2 Assistant Professor, Faculty of Management, Isfahan (Khorasgan) Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran


This study was carried out to identify the various aspects of deviant behaviors in workplace. To this end, we adopted the qualitative meta-synthesis research method. The statistical population of the study included all articles, studies, and theses related to our research topic and carried out in the periods 1391-1400 SH and 2006-2021 CE. After running criterion-based purposive sampling, 450 related studies were found. In the review phase, 100 studies were removed due to the title incompatibility, 30 articles because of the inappropriateness of abstract, and 20 articles due to the content incompatibility with the research topic. Thus, the number of examined studies reduced to 300. The data was analyzed using Strauss and Corbin model and coding in open, axial, and selective stages. The qualitative analysis phase led to the identification of 333 concepts, 133 secondary categories, and 16 primary categories. These were grouped in the form of causal conditions (professional, organizational, individual, and group factors), contextual conditions (social, cultural, and legal factors), intervening conditions (profiteering and political behaviors), strategies (organizational, group, and individual deviation), and consequences (individual, organizational, and professional consequences) in the conceptual model of the study.


Main Subjects

Agwa, A. & Fathi, M., (2018).“Workplace Deviance Behaviors, Leadership AHP approach”, Journal of Indian Business Research 1(10), pp. 101-122.
Appelbaum, S. H., Laconi, G. D., & Matousek, A. (2007). “Positive and negative deviant workplace behaviour: Causes, impacts and solutions”, Corporate Governance, 7(5),  pp. 586-598.
Connor, J., Stone, S., Walker, B., & ackson, J. (2017) “Deviant behavior in constrained environments: Sensation-Seeking predicts workplace deviance in shallow learners”, Personality and Individual Differences, 44(108), pp. 20-25.
D’Silva, J. L., Bachok, A., & Zawawi, D. (2020). “Factors Affecting Deviant Behaviour At Workplace Among Young Public Sector Employees”, International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, 10(15), pp. 176-188.
Narayanan, K. & Murphy, S. E .(2017). “Conceptual Framework on Workplace Deviance Behaviour: A Review”, Journal of Human Values, 23(2), pp. 218-233.
Pooja, M. & Usha, L. (2018). “Integrating antecedents of workplace deviance: utilizing AHP approach”, Journal of Indian Business Research, 1(10), pp. 101-122.
Raashid Javed, Mudasra Amjad, Usman Yousaf Faqeer-Ul-Ummi, & Rabia Bukhari (2014). “Investigating Factors Affecting Employee Workplace Deviant Behavior”, International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies, 9(3), pp. 1073-1078.
Robinson Sandra & Bennett Rebecca (1995). “A Typology of Deviant Workplace Behaviors: a Multidimensional Scaling Study”, Academy of Management Journal, 2/38, pp. 555-572.
Sathappan, M., Omar, Z., Ahmad, A., Hamzah, A., & Arif, I. (2016). “Exploring types of deviant workplace behaviour in a public organization in Malaysia”, Journal of Social Sciences Research, 10(3), pp. 2146-2155.
Torkelson, E., Holm, K., Bäckström, M., & Schad, E. (2016). “Factors contributing to the perpetration of workplace incivility: the importance of organizational aspects and experiencing incivility from others”, Work and Stress 30(2), pp. 115-131.
Tuna, M., Ghazzawi, I., Yesiltas, M., Tuna, A. A., & Arslan, S. (2015). “The effects of the perceived external prestige of the organization on employee deviant workplace behaviour, the mediating role of job satisfaction”, International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, 28(2), pp. 366-396.
Yao, Y. H., Wang, R. T., & Wang, K. Y. (2009). “The influence of emotional intelligence on job performance: Moderating effects of leadership”, In Management Science and Engineering, International Conference on, pp. 1155-1160.
Yilditz, B. & Alpkan, L. (2015) “A theoretical model on proposed predictors of destructive deviant workplace behaviours and the mediator role of alienation”, Procedia-Social and Behavioural Sciences, 210, pp. 330-338.