کاوشی بر تأثیر سکون سازمانی بر عملکرد شرکت های کوچک و متوسط با تأکید بر نقش نوآوری مدل کسب و کار و نوآوری باز

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار، دانشکدة مدیریت و حسابداری، دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی، تهران، ایران

2 کارشناس‌ارشد، دانشکدة مدیریت و حسابداری، دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی، تهران، ایران

3 کارشناس‌ارشد، دانشکدة مدیریت و حسابداری، پردیس فارابی دانشگاه تهران، قم، ایران

چکیده

مقالة حاضر، در پی سنجش این موضوع است که نوآوری باز‌، چگونه می‌تواند بر تغییر سکون سازمانی برای خلق نوآوری در مدل ‌کسب‌و‌کار و بهبود عملکرد ‌شرکت مؤثر باشد. این مطالعه، مدلی نظری را برای کشف رابطة بین متغیرهای پنهان، شکل می‌دهد، و برای جمع‌آوری داده‌های پژوهش، ابزار پرسشنامه را به‌کار گرفته است. برای بررسی آزمون فرضیه‌های پژوهش، مدل‌سازی معادلات ساختاری اجرا شد. این تحقیق، از نوع کاربردی بوده و روش تحقیق در آن، توصیفی از نوع همبستگی است. جامعة آماری این پژوهش مدیران شرکت‌ها و واحدهای فناور کوچک و متوسط مستقر در پارک‌های علم و فناوری شهر تهران بودند که براساس جدول مورگان، 199 نفر به روش تصادفی به عنوان نمونه انتخاب شدند. نتایج نشان داد نوآوری باز‌، اثر واسطه‌ای در رابطة سکون سازمانی و نوآوری مدل کسب‌و‌کار و همچنین، رابطة سکون سازمانی و عملکرد این شرکت‌ها می‌گذارد. نوآوری مدل کسب‌و‌کار، همچنین اثر مثبت بر عملکرد ‌شرکت می‌گذارد.
 
 

کلیدواژه‌ها


 

کلانتری، خلیل (1388). مدل‌سازی معادلات ساختاری در تحقیقات اجتماعی – اقتصادی (با برنامة LISRELSIMPLIS). تهران: فرهنگ صفا.

Allcorn, S. & Godkin, L. (2011). Workplace psychodynamics and the managemenof organizational inertia. Competitiveness Review: An International Business Journal, 21(1), 89-104.

Amabile, T.M., Conti, R., Coon, H., Lazenby, J. & Herron, M. (1996). Assessing the work environment for creativity. Academy of Management Journal, 39(5), 1154-1184.

Amit, R. & Zott, C. (2001). Value creation in e-business. Strategic Management Journal, 22(6-7), 493-520.

Burgers, T.W. (2009). The impact of an open innovation approach on the business model of SMEs. BSc Industrial Engineering and Management Science, Eindhoven, University of Technology, pp. 1-71.

Blumentritt, T. & Danis, W.M. (2006). Business strategy types and innovative practices. Journal of Managerial Issues, 18(2), 274-291.

Carley, K.M. & Harrald, J.R. (1997). Organizational learning under fire. American Behavioral Scientist, 40(3), 310-333.

Chesbrough, H. (2003a). Open Innovation: The New Imperative for Creating and Profiting from Technology. Boston: Harvard Business School Press.

Chesbrough, H. (2003c). The logic of open innovation: managing intellectual property. California Management Review, 45(3), 33-58.

Chesbrough, H. (2006). Open Business Models: How to Thrive in the New Innovation Landscape. Boston: Harvard Business School Press.

Chesbrough, H. (2007a). Why companies should have open business models. MIT Sloan Management Review, 48(2), 22-28.

Chesbrough, H. (2007b). Business model innovation: it’s not just about technology anymore. Strategy & Leadership, 35(6), 12-17.

Chesbrough, H. & Crowther, A.K. (2006). Beyond high tech: early adopters of open innovationin other industries. R&D Management, 36(3), 229-236.

Chesbrough, H. & Garman, A. (2009). How open innovation can help you cope in lean times. Harvard Business Review, 87(12), 68-76.

Chesbrough, H. & Rosenbloom, R.S. (2002). The role of the business model in capturing value from innovation: evidence from Xerox Corporation’s technology spin-off companies. Industrial and Corporate Change, 11(3), 529-555.

Chesbrough, H. & Schwartz, K. (2007). Innovating business models with codevelopment partnerships. Research-Technology Management, 50(1), 55-59.

Chiaroni, D., Chiesa, V. & Frattini, F. (2011). The open innovation journey: how firms dynamically implement the emerging innovation management paradigm. Technovation, 31(1), 34-43.

Da, C. (2013). The Internal Cause and Formative Mechanism of Enterprise Crisis in the View of Organizational Inertia. International Conference on Advances in Social Science, Humanities, and Management (ASSHM 2013), pp. 526-531.

Dı´az-Dı´az, N.L., Aguiar-Dı´az, I. & De Saa´-Pe´rez, P. (2006). Technological knowledge assets in industrial firms. R&D Management, 36(2), 189-203.

Dodgson, M., Gann, D. & Salter, A. (2006). The role of technology in the shift towards openinnovation: the case of Procter & Gamble. R&D Management, 36(3), 333-346.

Duh, R.R., Xiao, J.Z. & Chow, C.W. (2009). Chinese firms’ use of management accounting and controls: facilitators, impediments, and performance effects.Journal of International Accounting Research, 8(1), 1-30.

Elsalhy, M. & Shariff, A. (2013). How to Settle the Tussle between Business Model Innovation Approaches, Exploring the Automotive industry using a dual case study of Fiat and Tata Motors. Umea School of Business & Economics, Autumn semester 2013, pp.1-90.

Francis, J. & Smith, A. (1995). Agency costs and innovation-some empirical evidence. Journalof Accounting and Economics, 19(2-3), 383-409.

Gal, D. (2006). A psychological law of inertia and the illusion of loss aversion. Judgment and Decision Making, 1(1), 23-32.

Godkin, L. & Allcorn, S. (2008). Overcoming organizational inertia: a tripartite model for achieving strategic organizational change. The Journal of Applied Business and Economics, 8(1), 82-94.

Hannan, M.T. & Freeman, J. (1977). The population ecology of organizations. American Journal of Sociology, 82(5), 929-964.

Hannan, M.T., Pólos, L. & Carrol, G.R. (2002). Structural Inertia and Organizational Change Revisited III: The Evolution of Organizational Inertia. Stanford University, Graduate School of Business

Huang, H.C. (2011). Technological innovation capability creation potential of open innovation: a cross-level analysis in the biotechnology industry. Technology Analysis & Strategic Management, 23(1), 49-63.

Huang, H.C., Lai, M.C. & Lo, K.W. (2012). Do founders’ own resources matter? The influences of business networks on start-up innovation and performance. Technovation, 32(5), 316-327.

Hurley, R.F. & Hult, G.T.M. (1998), Innovation, market orientation, and organizationallearning: an integration and empirical examination. Journal of Marketing, 62(3), 42-54.

Jacobides, M.G. & Billinger, S. (2006). Designing the boundaries of the firm: from “make, buy, or ally” to the dynamic benefits of vertical architecture. Organization Science, 17(2), 249-261.

Johnson, M.W., Christensen, C.M. & Kagermann, H. (2008), “Reinventing your business model. Harvard Business Review, 86(12), 50-59.

Keupp, M.M. & Gassmann, O. (2009). Determinants and archetype users of open innovation. R&D Management, 39(4), 331-341.

Kline, D. (2003). Sharing the corporate crown jewels. MIT Sloan Management Review, 44(3), 89-93.

Laursen, K. & Salter, A. (2006). Open for innovation: the role of openness in explaining innovation performance among UK manufacturing firms. Strategic Management Journal, 27(2), 131-150.

Lee, S., Park, G., Yoon, B. & Park, J. (2010). Open innovation in SMEs: an intermediated network model. Research Policy, 39(2), 290-300.

Lichtenthaler, U. (2008). Open innovation in practice: an analysis of strategic approaches to technology transactions. IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management, 55(1), 148-157.

Lichtenthaler, U. (2009). Outbound open innovation and its effect on firm performance: examining environmental influences. R&D Management, 39(4), 317-330.

Lichtenthaler, U. & Ernst, H. (2007). External technology commercialization in large firms: results of a quantitative benchmarking study. R&D Management, 37(5), 383-397.

Lindgardt, Z., Reeves, M., Stalk, G. & Deimler, M.S., .Business Model Innovation: When the Game Gets Tough, Change the Game. Available at: http://www.bcg.com/documents/file36456.pdf, 2009 (Date of Access: 03.01.2011).

Magretta, J. (2002). Why Business Models Matter?. Harvard Business Review, Reprint R0205F, pp.1-8.

Markides, C. (2006). Disruptive innovation: in need of better theory. Journal of Product Innovation Management, 23(1), 19-25.

Matthyssens, P., Vandenbempt, K. & Berghman, L. (2006). Value innovation in business markets: breaking the industry recipe. Industrial Marketing Management, 35(6), 751-761.

Mitchell, D. & Coles, C. (2004). Business model innovation breakthrough moves. Journal of Business Strategy, 25(1), 16-26.

Moore, G.A. (2004). Darwin and the demon: innovating within established enterprises. Harvard Business Review, 82(7-8), 86-92.

Morgan, R.E. & Berthon, P. (2008). Market orientation, generative learning, innovation strategy and business performance inter-relationships in bioscience firms. Journal of Management Studies, 45(8), 1329-1353.

Nelson, R.R. & Winter, S.G. (1982). An Evolutionary Theory of Economic Change. Cambridge: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.

Pohle, G. & Chapman, M. (2006). IBM’s global CEO report 2006: business model innovation matters. Strategy & Leadership, 34(5), 34-40.

Raymond, L. & St-Pierre, J. (2010). R&D as a determinant of innovation in manufacturingSMEs: an attempt at empirical clarification. Technovation, 30(1), 48-

Shimizu, K. & Hitt, M.A. (2005). What constrains or facilitates divestitures of formerly acquired firms? The effects of organizational inertia. Journal of Management, 31(1), 50-72.

Singh, J.V. & Lumsden, C.J. (1990). Theory and research in organizational ecology. AnnualReview Sociology, 16, 161-195.

Snell, S.A. & Dean, J.W. (1994). Strategic compensation for integrated manufacturing: the moderating effects of jobs and organizational inertia. Academy of Management Journal, 37(5), 1109-1140.

Sull, D.N. (1999). Why good companies go bad?. Harvard Business Review, 77(4), 42-52.

Van de Vrande, V., de Jong Jeroen, P., Vanhaverbeke, W. & Rochemont, M. (2009). Open innovation in SMES: trends, motives and management challenges. Technovation, 29(6-7), 423-437.

Van der Meer, H. (2007). Open innovation: the Dutch treat: challenges in thinking in business models. Creativity and Innovation Management, 16(2), 192-202.

Voelpel, S.C., Leibold, M. & Tekie, E.B. (2004). The wheel of business model reinvention: how to reshape your business model to leapfrog competitors. Journal of Change Management, 4(3), 259-276.

Webster, F.E. Jr. (1994a). Defining the new marketing concept. Marketing Management, 2(4), 22-31.

Witzeman, S., Slowinski, G., Dirkx, R., Gollob, L., Tao, J., Ward, S. & Miraglia, S. (2006). Harnessing external technology innovation. Research-Technology Management, 49(3), 19-27.

Zimmermann, N. & Milling, P. (2010). A generic model of organizational inertia, attention, and change. Germany, Mannheim: University of Mannheim.

Fornell, C. & Larcker, D.F. (1981). Evaluating structural equation models with Unobservable variables & measurement error. Marketing Research, 18(1), 39–47.